- Composer

Search / Calendar

Máximo Francisco Repilado Muñoz Telles (18 November 1907 13 July 2003), known professionally as "Compay Segundo", was a Cuban trova guitarist, singer and composer.

Compay Segundo
Segundo at the Hotel Nacional de Cuba with a standing ovation in 2002
Background information
Birth nameMáximo Francisco Repilado Muñoz Telles
Born(1907-11-18)18 November 1907
Siboney, Cuba
Died13 July 2003(2003-07-13) (aged 95)
Havana, Cuba
Occupation(s)Singer, guitarist, composer
Instrument(s)Guitar, tres, armónico


Compay (meaning compadre) Segundo, so called because he was always second voice in his musical partnerships, was born in Siboney, Cuba, and moved to Santiago de Cuba at the age of nine. His first engagement was in the Municipal Band of Santiago de Cuba, directed by his teacher, Enrique Bueno. In 1934, after a spell in a quintet, he moved to Havana, where he also played the clarinet in the Municipal Band. He also learned to play the guitar and the tres, which became his usual instruments. Compay Segundo also invented the armónico, a seven-stringed guitar-like instrument, to fill the harmonic jump between the Spanish guitar and the tres.[1] In the 1950s he became well known as the second voice and tres player in Los Compadres, a duo he formed with Lorenzo Hierrezuelo in 1947.[2]

Los Compadres were one of the most successful Cuban duos of their time. Greater international fame came later, in 1997, with the release of the Buena Vista Social Club album, a hugely successful recording which won several Grammy awards. Compay Segundo appeared in the Wim Wenders film of the same title.[1]

Segundo's most famous composition is "Chan Chan", the opening track on the Buena Vista Social Club album, a four-chord son cubano song. "Chan Chan" was recorded by Segundo himself various times as well as by countless other Latin artists. Other compositions are "Sarandonga", "La calabaza", "Hey caramba", "Macusa", "Saludo Compay". These are all sones, and this differentiates him from the more usual trova musicians, with their devotion to the bolero. However, it seems his interests went much further:

I have danzones, waltzes, sones. I have some beautiful danzones. Why? Because I've learned from those who know how to preserve the tradition of the music. I play music the way it was played in yesteryear. I started out playing the son corto (short son). As Miguel Matamoros used to say, "The son is short and sweet."... Back in the day, they'd start out playing son at seven in the evening, and they'd greet the dawn with it.[3]

At a fiesta he sang to President Fidel Castro, who took his pulse and joked about his vitality despite his 90-plus years. "Who could have imagined that?" he asked when he found himself at the Vatican City, performing "Chan Chan" before Pope John Paul II. He explained his longevity simply: mutton consommé and a drink of rum.

He predicted that he would live to be 115, but died of kidney failure in Havana, 20 years short of his ambition.

The tomb of Compay Segundo at the  Cementerio de Santa Ifigenia in Santiago de Cuba. March 2014
The tomb of Compay Segundo at the Cementerio de Santa Ifigenia in Santiago de Cuba. March 2014

In 2007, the 100th anniversary of Segundo's birth was celebrated with a concert of his compositions performed by a symphony orchestra in Havana with some of his musicians and sons.[4]



  1. "Compay Segundo", AfroCubaWeb.
  2. Orovio, Helio, Cuban music from A to Z, Duke University Press Books, 2004, p. 176.
  3. "Compay Interview (English) - Buena Vista Social Club".
  4. Video on YouTube
  5. "Buena Vista Social Club's "Lost and Found," Collection of Previously Unreleased Tracks, Due March 23". Nonesuch Records. 3 February 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.


На других языках

- [en] Compay Segundo

[es] Compay Segundo

Máximo Francisco Repilado Muñoz (Siboney, Santiago de Cuba, 18 de noviembre de 1907—La Habana, 14 de julio de 2003), conocido artísticamente por el seudónimo de Compay Segundo, fue un músico y compositor cubano de amplia trayectoria mundial.

[ru] Компай Сегундо

Компа́й Сегу́ндо (исп. Compay Segundo, дословно «Второй приятель», настоящее имя: Ма́ксимо Франси́ско Репила́до Муньо́с (исп. Máximo Francisco Repilado Muñoz), 18 ноября 1907, Сибоней, Куба — 14 июля 2003, Гавана, Куба) — кубинский певец и автор песен, один из членов проекта «Buena Vista Social Club».

Текст в блоке "Читать" взят с сайта "Википедия" и доступен по лицензии Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike; в отдельных случаях могут действовать дополнительные условия.

Другой контент может иметь иную лицензию. Перед использованием материалов сайта внимательно изучите правила лицензирования конкретных элементов наполнения сайта.

2019-2024 - проект по пересортировке и дополнению контента Википедии