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Rednex is a Swedish musical group, originally consisting of the lead singer Mary Joe (Annika Ljungberg), alongside Bobby Sue (Kent Olander), Ken Tacky (Arne Arstrand), Billy Ray (Jonas Nilsson) and Mup (Patrick Edenberg). Pat Reiniz (Patrick Edenberg) also served as the band's producer. The band has gone through multiple lineup changes throughout its existence, with none of the members having an uninterrupted tenure.

Rednex in 2020: Cash, Jiggie McClagganahan, Spades, Pickles, Moe Lester the Limp, Boneduster Crock and Pervis the Palergator, during the video recording of Nowhere in Idaho.
Background information
  • Eurodance
  • electronic country
Years active
  • 1994–present
  • Zomba
  • Jive
  • Battery
  • Rednex Ltd/Muunshine Muusic
  • Virgin
  • Internal Affairs
  • Ace Ratclaw (Tor Penten)
  • Spades (Jan Blumentrath)
  • Pervis The Palergator (Christian Nakanishi)
  • Zoe Duskin (Nika Karch)
  • Dagger (Anders Sandberg)
  • Jiggie McClagganahan (Yana Görisch)
  • Moe Lester the Limp[1]
  • Cash (Uwe Grunert)
  • Boneduster Crock (Björn Scheffler)
  • Rufus Jones
  • Mup
  • Misty Mae (Cecilia Karlsson)
Past members
  • Dakotah (Nadja Flood)
  • Whippy (Mia Nilö)
  • Mary Joe (Annika Ljungberg)
  • Bobby Sue (Kent Olander)
  • Ken Tacky (Arne Arstrand)
  • Scarlet (Julie-Anne Tulley)
  • Jens Sylsjö
  • Anders Lundström
  • Jay Lee (Jean-Paul Engeln)
  • Joe Cagg (Roy van der Haagen)
  • Abby Hick (Christine van de Ven)
  • Rattler
  • Billy Ray (Jonas Nilsson)
  • BB Stiff (Urban Landgren)
  • The Original Boneduster Crock (Jason Holler)

The group enjoyed success throughout the 1990s with novelty hits such as "Cotton Eye Joe", "Old Pop in an Oak", "The Spirit of the Hawk" and "Wish You Were Here", which often topped the charts in several European countries.

Their musical style is a mix of American country music and modern Eurodance, with their appearance and stage names taking inspiration from the American redneck stereotypes.

Band history

1994–1995: Formation and Sex & Violins

Rednex was initially the brainchild of Swedish producers Janne Ericsson, Örjan "Öban" Öberg, and Patrick Edenberg,[2] who decided to try mixing American country and folk with modern dance and pop music. The name "Rednex" was chosen as a deliberate misspelling of the word "rednecks". The band originally consisted of the lead singer Mary Joe (Annika Ljungberg), alongside Bobby Sue (Kent Olander), Ken Tacky (Arne Arstrand), Billy Ray (Jonas Nilsson) and Mup (Patrick Edenberg).

In 1994, Rednex reworked the traditional folk song "Cotton-Eyed Joe", retitled "Cotton Eye Joe", as a eurodance track, which became an international hit single. Edenberg was soon replaced by BB Stiff (Urban Landgren) after the "Cotton Eye Joe" release. The group's debut studio album titled Sex & Violins followed, spawning several more hit singles including "Old Pop in an Oak" and the ballad "Wish You Were Here". However, "Cotton Eye Joe" remains the group's only U.S. hit as of 2022 (#25 on the Billboard charts in March 1995). Two more tracks of the album, "Wild 'N Free" and "Rolling Home", have been released and became moderate hits. A promotional one-off single, the Nicole cover version "Ein Bisschen Frieden", has been released and labeled as "Collo Rossi" for the release.

1996–1997: Departure of Ljungberg and Riding Alone

In 1996 Rednex were featured on the charity single "Children", as part of the supergroup "Hand in Hand for Children". Later female lead singer Ljungberg was fired, partly due to disagreements with the other band members[3] and went on to pursue a solo career.[4] The rest of the band took a break from live performance and started working on new material.[5] In 1997, the remaining four men released one more single, "Riding Alone", out of Sex & Violins, two years after the previous release "Rolling Home". Arstrand started a side project that same year called Explode, a progressive power metal band, and released the debut studio album Live Forever in Sweden.[6]

1998–2000: Farm Out and controversial lineup changes

In autumn 1998, Whippy (Mia Löfgren) became the new female vocalist. They released their first single "The Way I Mate" in 1999. Soon after that release, Arstrand left the band, reducing the quintet to a quartet. The second studio album entitled Farm Out followed in 2000 and found some success in Europe, with the most successful single from the album, the second release "The Spirit of the Hawk", peaking #1 in the German Singles Chart. The album spawned a third and final single, the ballad "Hold Me for a While", which became a moderate success. In 2000, in the wake of Napster's rising presence in the music industry, co-founder Edenberg outlined a new strategy for Rednex. The group would become an entertainment group rather than just a band, so not to be solely dependent on record sales. As he presented this idea to the performers during the video shoot for "Hold Me For A While" in Kenya, he was met by great scepticism. Nilsson replied: "We will not become a goddamn circus act!". The aftermath of this conflict resulted in the whole band, all four members, Löfgren, Olander, Nilsson and Landgren, being replaced for the first time.[5]

2001–2004: The Best of the West and more lineup changes

As of January 2001, the group now consisted of the female lead singer Scarlet (Julie-Anne Tulley, formerly known as Jules Tulley from Dreamhouse) from England, alongside the three male members Dagger (Anders Sandberg) from Sweden, Joe Cagg (Roy van der Haagen) and Jay Lee (Jean-Paul Engeln) from the Netherlands. It was the first time the band were not all Swedish. In 2001, the single "The Chase", the first single out of their 2002 first compilation album The Best of the West, has been released and charted in Germany and Switzerland. In 2002, the second and final single out of the album, a reworked 2002 remix of "Cotton Eye Joe", was released and made the Top 30 in Austria. In 2003, the two Dutchmen van der Haagen and Engeln were replaced by Ace Ratclaw (Tor Penten) from Sweden and Boneduster Crock (Björn Scheffler) from Germany. In October 2004, Tulley resigned from the group due to exhaustion.

2005–2006: Return of Ljungberg and Comeback

2007-2008 Rednex lineup of (left to right) Anders Lundström, Annika Ljungberg and Jens Sylsjö.
2007-2008 Rednex lineup of (left to right) Anders Lundström, Annika Ljungberg and Jens Sylsjö.

In 2006, original female vocalist Ljungberg returned as Tulley's replacement in the group, she was assigned exclusive rights to license the Rednex trademark until January 1, 2009. During this period the group's focus shifted towards Scandinavia.[5] In January 2005, Ljungberg fired Scheffler, replacing him with her husband Snake (Jens Sylsjö). In 2006, Sandberg was also fired and replaced by Maverick (Anders Lundström). Four former members, Scheffler and Sandberg, alongside Tulley and van der Haagen, and later in April 2007 joined by Penten, also a former Rednex member, began to tour under the name "Rednex Tribute".[7]

Focusing on live performance in Scandinavia, Rednex appeared at the 2005 IAAF World Championships in Athletics, in Helsinki. On March 11, 2006 Rednex entered the song "Mama, Take Me Home" in Semifinal 4 of the Swedish Melodifestivalen in Gothenburg. They qualified for the final via the Second Chance Round, finishing an overall sixth in the final. "Mama, Take Me Home" was subsequently released as the first single in a few European countries. The band's Scandinavian comeback continued as they released the second single "Fe Fi (The Old Man Died)" in November 2006, after having performed it at the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards. The single was surprisingly successful, peaking #4 in the Swedish Single chart.

2009–2011: Second departure of Ljungberg and Singles

On January 1, 2009, after the end of Ljungberg's management licence, control of the Rednex brand returned to the band's founders. The remaining Rednex personnel Ljungberg, Lundström and Sylsjö were fired by the returning management following a dispute, and were replaced by members of the "Rednex Tribute" (Tulley, Sandberg, Penten and van der Haagen), all themselves former official Rednex. It was the second time the whole lineup had been replaced simultaneously.[8] In January 2010, Rednex released a new single, "Devil's On The Loose", in a partnership with The Pirate Bay for free and legal download worldwide.[9][10] A video for the track was recorded in August 2009 in Norrbyggeby, Sweden.[11] The song was released as the first single from the planned album Saturday Night Beaver, which to date remains shelved due low single sales. Tulley soon also left Rednex for a second time, and was replaced by Dakotah (Nadja Flood), former singer in the Swedish dansband Nova, making her the fourth official female lead singer of Rednex.

2012–2014: Second departure of Tulley and Singles

In January 2012, Rednex announced that they had dissolved the concept of a permanent band, intending instead to use a larger pool of characters from which one female and three male performers would be chosen for each performance. Rednex claimed that this idea was "totally unproven and unheard of in the music industry".[12] The pool of performers in 2012 included permanent members Flood, Sandberg, van der Haagen and Penten alongside possible replacements Scheffler, new male member Rufus Jones and new female vocalists Abby Hick and Misty Mae. At the time of the dissolution of the permanent Rednex lineup Tulley again left the band.[13]

The second single "Racing" was released in May 2012. This was followed in November 2012 by "The End". The video for "The End" was recorded on September 2, 2012 at Garay Utca,[14] the "ghetto of Budapest",[15] and is a "flowumentary".[16] Rednex refuted the notion that "The End" is related to 2012 doomsday theories.[17] The band in these two videos now consisted of Flood, van der Haagen, Sandberg and Penten with Rufus Jones making a cameo appearance in "The End" video.[citation needed]

2015–2017: Return of Löfgren

Rednex during the video recording of Innit For The Money in Berlin, New Year's Eve 2015. Whippy, Dagger, Joe Cagg, Ace Ratclaw and Boneduster Crock.
Rednex during the video recording of Innit For The Money in Berlin, New Year's Eve 2015. Whippy, Dagger, Joe Cagg, Ace Ratclaw and Boneduster Crock.

In 2015, it was announced that second female singer Löfgren would replace Flood and rejoin the band. Also, Scheffler returned to the group. On New Year's Day, Rednex recorded a music video for "Innit for the Money". The single for "Innit for the Money" followed in 2016.

In February performers Cassidy, Rattler, and Pervis the Palergator joined the band. Cassidy left Rednex 3 months later.[1]

Rednex made their debut on a North American stage in Carson City, Nevada, to honor fallen Deputy Carl Howell.[18]

On New Year's Eve 2017, Rednex played for the fourth time at the Brandenburger Tor in Berlin, in front of an audience of more than one million.[19][20]

2018–present: Manly Man, livestream and performer turbulence

In early 2018 the Rednex performer pool grew to include 17 people, the highest number so far. Added to the pool were Zoe, Moe Lester the Limp and Jiggie McClagganahan.[1][21]

The single and video Manly Man was released in July 2018. The video was recorded in Jelcz-Laskowice, Poland. The main characters are Dagger and Misty Mae, though all 25 Rednex performers through history are featured at some point through video flashbacks.[22][23][24][25]

During 2018, Rednex started a live streaming channel on Twitch. After a series of tests, the premiere happened on August 10 in connection to a show in Berlin. In the press release they claimed to be the first pop band, with a worldwide hit to their name, to live stream themselves 24/7 in connection to all their shows.[26][27][28] During the same weekend, August 10-12th, Rednex performed with three different line-ups in three different territories, totaling 13 performers, which was a new record. Zoe, Moe Lester the Limp, Spades and Pervis the Palergator did shows in Romania and Hungary, while Billy Ray, Ace Ratclaw, Boneduster Crock, Misty Mae and Jiggie McClagganahan did shows in East Germany (Berlin & Schwerin), and Abby Hick, Rattler, Cash and Joe Cagg did shows in West Germany (Bonn & Frankfurt). [29][30]

In September Abby Hick, Rattler, Boneduster Crock and Joe Cagg left Rednex. Whippy, Billy Ray and BB Stiff became reserves, reducing the pool to 10 performers. The band was still for sale for €2,000,000.[1][21]

In November 2021, Jason Holler, former front man in the American rock band Kentucky Knife Fight, was revealed as the Original Boneduster Crock.


Musical style

Rednex is a mix of modern dance, pop, eurodance sounds with classical country, folk and bluegrass elements. Their dance tracks also features eurodance sounds, which were very famous and popular in Europe, Oceania and South America at that time. Rednex are best known for their dance country songs "Cotton Eye Joe", "Old Pop in an Oak", "Way I Mate" or "Racing". The style of eurodance was dance music with a female singer for the refrain and a male rapper for the verses to follow a traditional verse-chorus structure. However Rednex reversed it, with the female singer singing the verses and the male vocalist singing the bridge and the refrain. Although there are also tracks from other genres featured, such as pop ballads like "Wish You Were Here", "Hold Me for a While", "Rolling Home" or "Anyway You Want Me" or classical country driven songs such as "Riding Alone", "Ranger Jack" or "Nowhere In Idaho" with less dance sounds. These tracks are not considered to be europop.

While their debut studio album "Sex & Violins" has the same amount on dance/country, classic country songs and ballads, their second album "Farm Out" is full of their dance/country style songs, except one ballad "Hold Me for a While" and one country song "Ranger Jack". Since 2006, Rednex returned with a more mature country pop sound such in "Mama, Take Me Home", "Fe Fi (The Old Man Died)" or "Football Is Our Religion". The lyrics are of tongue-in-cheek, innuendo and sexual topics.[citation needed]

Public image

Rednex usually perform as personas that parody the "redneck" stereotype. For events and promotions, but also for music videos and cover arts, the group is styled in the American redneck stereotypes. In live performances and interviews, the members usually appear in a rough, unrefined character. Each member has an individual redneck nickname (see "Members" area to see the nicknames). Since 2000, Rednex have functioned much like an entertainment troupe as like a band, with an ever-shifting lineup of performers representing the band. As of 2015, there have been 16 performers in the permanent band.


Permanent members

Pool member changes

Other members


Other brand ventures

Spin offs and franchises

In January 2012, Rednex announced that they had dissolved the concept of a permanent band, intending instead to use a larger pool of characters from which one female and three male performers would be chosen for each performance. Rednex claimed that this idea was "totally unproven and unheard of in the music industry".[12] In November 2012, Rednex began a franchise operation in Australia & New Zealand. Four new performers from Auckland and Wellington were recruited to form a second Rednex with a non exclusive license to perform in Australasia. Performers in the NZ/Australian lineup include: Rayanna Randy Payne (Theresa Murphy), Rawtooth Rick (Anthony Sibbald) and Slimboy (Pascal Roggen). A press release accompanying the franchise launch stated: "it's the first time an internationally known pop band has cloned itself".[16][31]

Use in media

"Cotton Eye Joe" is featured in the films The Negotiator, Space Truckers, Hood of Horror, Studentfesten, Les 11 Commandements, C'est la vie! (2017 film) and Milk Punch, in the TV series Malcolm in the Middle, My Name Is Earl, Peep Show, New Girl (s02e25), The Morgana Show, Lukas, Beavis and Butt-head, The Ranch (TV series) and a Season 13 episode of Family Guy, and in TV commercials by Telia and Telefonica.[32][33][34][35][36] "Hittin' The Hay" and "Wild 'N Free" are featured in the film Barnyard.[32] "Ride The Hurricane's Eye" was title track for German TV-series WinneToons.[37] "Spirit of the Hawk" was title track for the German version of Fort Boyard in 2000.


The Inbred With Rednex extended play features the interactive multimedia part "Inbred With Rednex" as the first track of the disc, which is a point 'n' click adventure game starring Rednex, playable only for Windows & Mac. The whole release is housed in an 18x23cm game box. "Cotton Eye Joe" has been featured in the video games Dancing Stage EuroMIX 2, Just Dance 3 by Nintendo Wii and Carnival Games. PlayStation's SingStar features the songs "Cotton Eye Joe" and "Old Pop in an Oak".[38]



  1. "Rednex - Official site for No.1 pop band Rednex - Band Members". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  2. (2007-05-14). Rednex On Sale For $1.5 Million. Retrieved on 2007-06-16.
  3. "Ongoing Conflicts" Archived 2018-03-12 at the Wayback Machine, RedNex Music, 25 July 2014.
  4. "Annika 'Mary Joe' Ljungberg Solo Career", KDJ Eurodance', 25 July 2014.
  5. "Historien om Rednex" Archived 2009-06-26 at the Wayback Machine, Magasinet Novell, 4 June 2009.
  6. "Explode - Live Forever". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  7. "Rednex stämmer falska kopiorna". 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
  8. (2008-09-26). Rednex exchanges the whole band!. Retrieved on 2008-09-27.
  9. "Devil's on the Loose". The Pirate Bay. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
  10. "Rednex Music". Retrieved 2010-01-07.
  11. Norrtelje Tidning (2009-08-28). Rednex video recording of Devil's On The Loose Archived 2009-10-15 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2009-08-28.
  12. "Rednex – Official site for No.1 pop band Rednex". Archived from the original on 2018-03-12. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
  13. "JulieAnne Tulley – United Kingdom". LinkedIn. Retrieved 2012-12-03.
  14. "The End". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-13. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
  15. "Rednex Blikk". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-13. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
  16. Press release (2012-11-05). Pop band starts franchising. Retrieved on 2012-11-05.
  17. "Rednex: Facebook". Archived from the original on 2022-02-26. Retrieved 2012-11-05.
  18. "Rednex song honors Carson City Deputy Carl Howell". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  19. "New Year's Eve Party at Brandenburg Gate". 7 January 2019. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  20. "Rednex". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  21. "Whatever Happened To Rednex, The Musical Geniuses Behind 'Cotton Eye Joe'?". 23 September 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  22. "Rednex - Official site for No.1 pop band Rednex - New Manly Man video out now!". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  23. "No.1 Artist Shot Video at Crime Scene - Cleveland 19 News Cleveland, OH". Archived from the original on 2018-08-17. Retrieved 2018-08-17.
  24. Rednex Videos (12 October 2018). "Rednex – Manly Man (Official Video)". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-13. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  25. Wernke-Schmiesing, S. "Musikvideo » Rednex - Manly Man". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  26. "Rednex - Official site for No.1 pop band Rednex - Rednex becomes the first No.1 band to live stream 24/7". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  27. "Famous Pop Artists Start 24/7 Live Stream - Greatreporter". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  28. "Twitch". Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  29. "Famous Pop Artists Start 24/7 LiveStream" (PDF). Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  30. Matthias Lindemann (12 August 2018). "Rednex - Cotton Eye Joe - ZDF Fernsehgarten 12.08.2018". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-13. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  31. "Rednex NZ". Retrieved 2012-11-05.
  32. "Rednex on IMDB", imdb, 27 October 2012.
  33. "Rednex on IMDB series", imdbseries, 27 October 2012.
  34. "Just Dance 3 Amazon", Amazon, 17 November 2009.
  35. "Telia TV commercial", Telia, 2008.
  36. "Carnival Games", Carnival, 2011.
  37. "WinneToons", WinneToons, 2003.
  38. "Rednex on SingStar" Archived 2012-08-23 at the Wayback Machine, SingStar, 27 October 2012.
  39. "Kiraly", Kiraly, 27 October 2010.
  40. "Yankees", Yankees, 24 September 2005.
  41. "No.1 Artist Shot Video At Crime Scene". 20 July 2018. Retrieved 25 August 2022.
  42. Kopcow, Chris (29 May 2015). "Adult Swim's 'FishCenter': A Beginner's Guide". Vulture. Vox Media. Retrieved 28 November 2017.
  43. "Adult Swim's 'FishCenter': A Beginner's Guide - Splitsider". Archived from the original on 2015-08-31. Retrieved 2020-03-09.

На других языках

- [en] Rednex

[es] Rednex

Rednex es una banda de estilo eurodance de nacionalidad sueca. Desde el primer álbum, salieron a la fama internacionalmente, muy de moda en la década de los '90, con las canciones Cotton Eyed Joe y Old pop in A Oak.

[ru] Rednex

Rednex — шведская кантри-поп-группа. Главной особенностью стиля этой группы является смесь европейской танцевальной музыки и ритмов американского кантри. Первый же сингл Rednex — Cotton-Eye Joe, вышедший в 1994 году, стал очень популярен и завоевал первые строчки чартов. Второй и третий синглы — Old Pop in an Oak и Wish You Were Here — стали также довольно известными по всей Европе. В 2000 году вышел очередной хит Rednex — сингл «The Spirit of the Hawk». Эта композиция продержалась рекордные 25 недель на первом месте в германском чарте[1].

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